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Title: Quantitative micro-CT based coronary artery profiling using interactive local thresholding and cylindrical coordinates
Authors: Panetta, Daniele
Pelosi, Gualtiero
Viglione F.
Kusmic, Claudia
Terreni M.
Belcari, Nicola
Guerra A.
Athanasiou L.
Exarchos T.
Fotiadis D.
Filipovic, Nenad
Trivella, Maria Giovanna
Salvadori, Piero A
Parodi O.
Journal: Technology and Health Care
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Abstract: © 2015 IOS Press and the authors. Micro-CT is an established imaging technique for high-resolution non-destructive assessment of vascular samples, which is gaining growing interest for investigations of atherosclerotic arteries both in humans and in animal models. However, there is still a lack in the definition of micro-CT image metrics suitable for comprehensive evaluation and quantification of features of interest in the field of experimental atherosclerosis (ATS). OBJECTIVE: A novel approach to micro-CT image processing for profiling of coronary ATS is described, providing comprehensive visualization and quantification of contrast agent-free 3D high-resolution reconstruction of full-length artery walls. METHODS: Accelerated coronary ATS has been induced by high fat cholesterol-enriched diet in swine and left coronary artery (LCA) harvested en bloc for micro-CT scanning and histologic processing. A cylindrical coordinate system has been defined on the image space after curved multiplanar reformation of the coronary vessel for the comprehensive visualization of the main vessel features such as wall thickening and calcium content. A novel semi-automatic segmentation procedure based on 2D histograms has been implemented and the quantitative results validated by histology. RESULTS: The potentiality of attenuation-based micro-CT at low kV to reliably separate arterial wall layers from adjacent tissue as well as identify wall and plaque contours and major tissue components has been validated by histology. Morphometric indexes from histological data corresponding to several micro-CT slices have been derived (double observer evaluation at different coronary ATS stages) and highly significant correlations (R2 < 0.90) evidenced. Semi-automatic morphometry has been validated by double observer manual morphometry of micro-CT slices and highly significant correlations were found (R2 < 0.92). CONCLUSION: The micro-CT methodology described represents a handy and reliable tool for quantitative high resolution and contrast agent free full length coronary wall profiling, able to assist atherosclerotic vessels morphometry in a preclinical experimental model of coronary ATS and providing a link between in vivo imaging and histology.
Type: Article
DOI: 10.3233/THC-151010
ISSN: 09287329
SCOPUS: 84944052266
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac
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