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Title: OpenMandible: An open-source framework for highly realistic numerical modelling of lower mandible physiology
Authors: Vukicevic A.
Zelic K.
Milašinović, Danko
Sarrami-Foroushani, Ali
Jovicic G.
Milovanovic, Petar
Djuric M.
Filipovic, Nenad
Frangi, Alejandro
Journal: Dental Materials
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2021
Abstract: © 2021 The Academy of Dental Materials Objective: Computer modeling of lower mandible physiology remains challenging because prescribing realistic material characteristics and boundary conditions from medical scans requires advanced equipment and skill sets. The objective of this study is to provide a framework that could reduce simplifications made and inconsistency (in terms of geometry, materials, and boundary conditions) among further studies on the topic. Methods: The OpenMandible framework offers: 1) the first publicly available multiscale model of the mandible developed by combining cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) and μCT imaging modalities, and 2) a C++ software tool for the generation of simulation-ready models (tet4 and hex8 elements). In addition to the application of conventional (Neumann and Dirichlet) boundary conditions, OpenMandible introduces a novel geodesic wave propagation - based approach for incorporating orthotropic micromechanical characteristics of cortical bone, and a unique algorithm for modeling muscles as uniformly directed vectors. The base intact model includes the mandible (spongy and compact bone), 14 teeth (comprising dentin, enamel, periodontal ligament, and pulp), simplified temporomandibular joints, and masticatory muscles (masseter, temporalis, medial, and lateral pterygoid). Results: The complete source code, executables, showcases, and sample data are freely available on the public repository: It has been demonstrated that by slightly editing the baseline model, one can study different “virtual” treatments or diseases, including tooth restoration, placement of implants, mandible bone degradation, and others. Significance: OpenMandible eases the community to undertake a broad range of studies on the topic, while increasing their consistency and reproducibility. At the same time, the needs for dedicated equipment and skills for developing realistic simulation models are significantly reduced.
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1016/
ISSN: 01095641
SCOPUS: 85101371626
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac
Faculty of Hotel Management and Tourism, Vrnjačka Banja
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