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Title: Bis(triazinyl)pyridine complexes of Pt(II) and Pd(II): studies of the nucleophilic substitution reactions, DNA/HSA interactions, molecular docking and biological activity
Authors: Jovanović Stević, Snežana
Radisavljević, Snežana
Scheurer, Andreas
Ćoćić, Dušan
Šmit, Biljana
Petkovic, Marijana
Živanović, Marko
Virijevic, Katarina
Petrović, Biljana
Issue Date: 2021
Abstract: Four new complexes of Pt(II) and Pd(II), [Pd(L1)Cl]Cl 1, [Pd(L2)Cl]Cl 2, [Pt(L1)Cl]Cl 3 and [Pt(L2)Cl]Cl 4 (where L1 = 2,6-bis(5,6-diphenyl-1,2,4-triazin-3-yl)pyridine and L2 = 2,6-bis(5,6-dipropyl-1,2,4-triazin-3-yl)pyridine), were synthesized. Characterization of the complexes was performed using elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR spectroscopy and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The substitution reactions of 1–4 complexes with l-methionine (l-met), l-cysteine (l-cys) and guanosine-5ʹ-monophosphate (5ʹ-GMP), were studied spectrophotometrically at physiological conditions. Complexes with ligand L1 (1 or 3) were more reactive than those with ligand L2 (2 or 4) by a factor ranging up to 1.57 and 3.71, respectively. The order of reactivity of the nucleophiles was: l-met > l-cys > 5ʹ-GMP. The interactions of complexes with calf thymus-DNA (CT-DNA) and human serum albumin (HSA) were studied by Uv–Vis absorption and fluorescence emission spectroscopy. Competitive binding studies with intercalative agent ethidium bromide (EB) and minor groove binder Hoechst 33258 were performed as well. All studied complexes can interact with DNA through the intercalation and minor groove binding, where the latter was preferred. The binding constants (103 and 104 M−1) for the interaction of complexes with HSA indicate the moderate binding affinity of complexes 1–4 to protein. The trends in the experimental results of binding studies between complexes 3 and 4 with DNA and HSA were compared to those obtained from the molecular docking study. Biological evaluation of cytotoxicity of 1 and 2 on HCT-116 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines showed significant cytotoxic and prooxidative character, while 2 also exerted extraordinary selectivity towards colon cancer in comparison to breast cancer cells. Graphic abstract: The nucleophilic substitution reactions, DNA/HSA interactions, molecular docking and biological activity of bis(triazinyl)pyridine complexes of Pt(II) and Pd(II) were studied. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
Type: article
DOI: 10.1007/s00775-021-01879-3
ISSN: 0949-8257
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85110190121
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Science, Kragujevac
Institute for Information Technologies, Kragujevac

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