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Title: L-amino acid oxidase from snake venom: Biotransformation and induction of apoptosis in human colon cancer cells
Authors: Nikodijević, Danijela
Jovankic, Jovana
Cvetkovic, Danijela
Anđelković, Marko
Nikezić, Aleksandra
Ćurčić Milutinović, Milena
Issue Date: 2021
Abstract: This study evaluated the potential of antitumor activity of snake venom from Vipera ammodytes and L-amino acid oxidase from Crotalus adamanteus on different colorectal cancer cell lines through determination of cytotoxic activity by MTT assay, pro-apoptotic activity by acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining, and concentrations of redox status parameters (superoxide, reduced glutathione, lipid peroxidation) by colorimetric methods. The expression of genes involved in the biotransformation process and metabolite efflux was determined by qPCR method, while protein expression of glutathione synthetase and P-glycoprotein were analysed by immunocytochemistry. The analysis of cell death shows that snake venom dominantly leads cells to necrosis. Induction of apoptosis by L-amino acid oxidase was in correlation with oxidative disbalance in cancer cells. Gene expression profile of membrane transporters and CYP genes were different in each cell line and in correlation with their sensitivity of treatment. Our results show that L-amino acid oxidase from snake venom is a potent cytotoxic substance with pronounced pro-apoptotic activity. The inhibition of P-glycoprotein suggests that L-amino acid oxidase is a good substance for furter research of antitumor effect, with unexpressed potential for occurrence of drug resistance in vitro.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2021.174466
ISSN: 0014-2999
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85114319134
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Science, Kragujevac
Institute for Information Technologies, Kragujevac

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