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Title: Energy consumption and dehydration parameters of microwave drying of carrot
Authors: Petković, Marko
Miletić, Nemanja
Kurćubić, Vladimir
Lukyanov, Alexander
Đurović, Igor
Filipović, Vladimir
Mladenovic, Vladimir
Issue Date: 2022
Abstract: The parameters of microwave dehydration (thickness, mass load, and microwave power level) of carrot slices had a statistically significant (P < 0.05) effect on the drying process. Carrot slices (thicknesses of 3, 6, and 9 mm) were dehydrated as monolayers at microwave power levels (80, 240 W) at different mass loads (1.00, 0.63, and 0.38 kg m-2). The optimal microwave model for the carrot slice microwave dehydration was the model with the microwave power level of 240 W, mass load of 0.38 kg m-2 , and 3 mm thickness, with the shortest dehydration time (15 ± 1 minute) and the lowest energy consumption (0.099 ± 0.002 kWh). The minimum resistance to mass transfer (effective moisture diffusivity) was observed in the models with the thickness of 3 mm, a 1.00 kg m-2 mass load, dehydrated at 80 W (8.2519 × 10-8 ± 8.8815 × 10-10 m 2 s-1). The average activation energy for the analyzed models was 8.972 ± 0.009 W g-1. Therefore, the application of the microwave dehydration method can be considered a proper alternative for the dehydration of carrot slices.
Type: article
DOI: 10.5937/AASer2254137P
ISSN: 0354-9542
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Agronomy, Čačak

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