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|Title:||Anti-adhesive action of novel ruthenium(II) chlorophenyl terpyridine complexes with a high affinity for double-stranded DNA: in vitro and in silico|
|Authors:||Masnikosa, Romana |
|Abstract:||© 2020 Elsevier Inc. Interactions of three Ru(II) chlorophenyl terpyridine complexes: [Ru(Cl-Ph-tpy)(en)Cl]Cl (1), [Ru(Cl-Ph-tpy)(dach)Cl]Cl (2) and [Ru(Cl-Ph-tpy)(bpy)Cl]Cl (3) (Cl-Ph-tpy = 4′-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2′:6′,2′′-terpyridine, en = 1,2-diaminoethane, dach = 1,2-diaminocyclohexane, bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine) with human serum albumin (HSA), calf thymus DNA and a double-helical oligonucleotide d(CGCGAATTCGCG)2 (1BNA) were examined. Fluorescence emission studies were used to assess the interactions of complexes with HSA, which were of moderate strength for 1 and 2. Molecular docking allowed us to predict mostly π-π stacking and van der Waals interactions between the complexes and the protein. We suggest that the complexes bind to a novel site on HSA, which is different from its druggable sites I, II or III. We suggest a partial intercalation of complexes through the minor groove as a possible mode of interaction with double-helical DNA. Finally, when applied to normal extravillous cell line HTR8/SVneo and JAr choriocarcinoma cell line, complexes 1 and 2 exerted anti-adhesive properties at very low doses, whereas complex 3 had a negligible effect. The obtained results are completion of our studies of Ru(II) terpyridyl complexes that carry N-N ancillary ligands. We suggest a new research direction towards studying the cellular effects of Ru(II) polypyridyl compounds.|
|Appears in Collections:||Institute for Information Technologies, Kragujevac|
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